“2009 was an extraordinary year, the Ministry of Land and Resources developed the discussion activity on geological prospecting reform and development to establish and perfect the new geological prospecting mechanism, mobilize the enthusiasm of all aspects and overcome the adverse influence brought about by the international financial crisis, and achieved inspiring results in geological prospecting in 2009.” In the recent press conference held by Ministry of Land and Resources, the chief engineer of Ministry of Land and Resources Zhang Hongtao introduced the geological prospecting progress in 2009.
According to the data, 27.7 billion Yuan was invested in the national basic geological surveys and solid mineral exploration in 2009 with an increase of 17.5%, while the investment in the international mineral prospecting market greatly declined. 621 mineral areas were newly discovered, 159 of which were large-scale and above mineral areas. The prospecting of the important metal mineral resources such as coal, iron, copper and aluminum, etc has achieved influential results, and the development and utilization of the results will to a great extent ease the resource bottleneck of our country.
In the aspect of iron ore prospecting, in 2009 nearly 5 billion tons of iron ore resources were explored and 1 billion tons were verified in the prospecting area such as Anben, Jidong, Yanzhou, Panxi and Lucong, etc, which provided important resource basis for further development. Among that, Liaoning Benxi Qiaotou Iron Mine controlled 3 billion tons of iron ore resource, and the prospective resource was estimated at over 7 billion tons, which is likely to become the largest monomer iron mine in the world. Hebei Jidong Macheng Iron Mine had verified resource reserves of 1.044 billion tons, which was the iron resource production place with the largest scale of verified monomer mineral deposit in China since the 1980’s. Sichuan Panxi had estimated iron ore reserves of 168 million tons; preference was given to 19 predicting areas in total, and it was estimated that the potential resource reserves were 19.4 billion tons.
The responsible person for Ministry of Land and Resources expressed that, the new round of international negotiation concerning the iron ore would begin, our iron ore prospecting results would have positive influence on the initiative in the iron ore negotiation.
As for the copper ore and bauxite, we had further expanded the prospecting results of nonferrous metal such as copper, etc in 2009. There were nearly 20 million tons of copper resource in the resource base such as Xinan Sanjiang and Gangdisi, etc; there were 260 million tons of verified bauxite resource in Shanxi and Henan, etc.
15 large-scale or super large-scale copper ore deposits such as Pulang and Yangla, etc were found in Yunnan Sanjiang metallogenic area, 7.3 million tons of copper resource were discovered, and the prospective resource could reach 10 million tons. Qulong Copper Mine in Tibet Gangdisi metallogenic area had verified copper resource of 10.36 million tons, over 12 million tons of prospective resource, which became the largest copper ore deposit in China.
As for gold ore, Qinghai Dachang and Shandong Jiaojia, etc achieved great progress in gold ore prospecting, 255 tons of gold ore resources were verified, which improved the guarantee of precious metal resource in China. Among that, the Dachang Gold Mine controlled 150 tons of gold resource and 300 tons of prospective resource. Jiaojia Gold Mine carried out deep ore prospecting with self-raised funds; 105 tons of gold resources were newly increased.
As for coal, nearly 150 billion tons of coal resources were explored in Xinjiang, Shanxi and Inner Mongolia Provinces (district), etc. Among that, Dongjiang has achieved satisfactory results in coal resource prospecting; 111.7 billion tons of coal resources were newly explored in 5 pre-surveying districts. The coal has low ash, low sulfur and higher heating value, which is the excellent coal used for thermal power generation and coal chemical industry. Inner Mongolia Dongsheng Coal Field Ailaiwukugou-Taijizhao section finished the general coal survey within 8 months, and 20.1 billion tons of super large-scale coal field was verified.